The Garuda is a legendary bird or bird-like creature in Hindu, Buddhist and Jain mythology. Garuda is immortal thailand as the king of birds and a kite-like figure. Garuda is a part of state insignia in India, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia and Indonesia.
The Indonesian official coat of arms is centered on the Garuda. The national emblem of Indonesia is called Garuda Pancasila. In Hinduism, Garuda is a divine eagle-like sun bird and the king of birds. According to George Williams, Garuda has roots in the verb gri, or speak. Relief depicting a portable Garuda pillar, one of the oldest images of Garuda, Bharhut, 100 BCE. The Hindu texts on Garuda iconography vary in their details. If in the bird form, he is eagle-like, typically with the wings slightly open as if ready and willing to fly wherever he needs to.
In part human-form, he may have an eagle-like nose, beak or legs, his eyes are open and big, his body is the color of emerald, his wings are golden-yellow. He may be shown with either two or four hands. According to the text Silparatna, states Rao, Garuda is best depicted with only two hands and with four bands of colors: “golden yellow color from feet to knees, white from knees to navel, scarlet from navel to neck, and black above the neck”. However, these Indian mythologies are different, inconsistent across the texts. Both, Aruna and Garuda, developed from egg. According to one version, states George Williams, Kashyapa Prajapati’s two wives Vinata and Kadru wanted to have children. Balinese wooden statue of Vishnu riding Garuda, Purna Bhakti Pertiwi Museum, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Vinata waited, and after many years the second egg hatched, and Garuda was born. Garuda later went to war with his step brothers, the Nagas. Some myths present Garuda as so massive that he can block out the sun. The text Garuda Purana is named after him. Garuda is presented in the Mahabharata mythology as one who eats snake meat, such as the story about he planning to kill and eat Sumukha snake, where Indra attempts to intervene. Garudas are also a race of birds who devour snakes in the epic.
The Suparṇākhyāna, a late Vedic period poem considered to be among the “earliest traces of epic poetry in India,” relates the legend of Garuda, and provides the basis for a later, expanded version which appears within the Mahābhārata. Hindu god who fights injustice and destroys evil in his various avatars to preserve dharma, has made him an iconic symbol of king’s duty and power, an insignia of royalty or dharma. His eagle-like form is shown either alone or with Vishnu, signifying divine approval of the power of the state. Throughout the Mahabharata, Garuda is invoked as a symbol of impetuous violent force, of speed, and of martial prowess. Powerful warriors advancing rapidly on doomed foes are likened to Garuda swooping down on a serpent. Defeated warriors are like snakes beaten down by Garuda. The Mahabharata character Drona uses a military formation named after Garuda.
Krishna even carries the image of Garuda on his banner. Garuda vanquishing the Naga clan, a Gandhara artwork, 2nd century CE. Garuda, also referred to as Garula, are golden-winged birds in Buddhist texts. Under the Buddhist concept of saṃsāra, they are one of the Aṣṭagatyaḥ, the eight classes of inhuman beings. On display at National Museum of Cambodia. Jataka stories describe them to be residents of Nagadipa or Seruma.
The Garuda are enemies to the nāga, a race of intelligent serpent- or dragon-like beings, whom they hunt. Garudas, wearing them out and killing them from exhaustion. The Garudas were among the beings appointed by Śakra to guard Mount Sumeru and the Trāyastriṃśa heaven from the attacks of the asuras. 13th century Cham sculpture depicts Garuda devouring a nāga serpent. Buddha is shown making temporary peace between the Nagas and the Garudas.